what are root crops?

Hello mate Blogger this time I will explain what are the tuber plants and what are the examples of tuber plants?.

Tubers are an organ of plants that are modified from other organs and play a role for the storage of certain substances ( usually carbohydrates). Modified organs can be in the form of leaves, stems, or base. This form of modification is generally an enlargement of dimensions with anatomical changes that are very clearly visible. Tubers are generally created just right at the bottom of the ground.

Tubers are divided into groups for the origin of the form is the base tubers, stem tubers, as well as layered tubers. Base tubers for example are plant ketela plants or cassava, carrots, uwi, sweet potatoes. Stem tubers for example are taro plants, suweg, potatoes. While examples of layered tubers are shallots and onions.


Sourced from the origin of the plant tubers are divided into 3 groups are:

1). Stem tubers. Stem tubers are tubers created at the base of the stems of tubers, which play a role in putting food reserves for the plant. Tubers stem position there is below the surface of the entire soil and there are located partly in the ground and some are located above the surface of the soil. Examples of stem tubers whose tubers are located entirely in the ground are potato plants. Potato plants are spoken stem tubers because the potato plants are rooted mounts, the base of the side is a lot. Between the base of the side, there is a stolon which is the side branch of the stem. The tip of the stolon can swell as well as form large tubers. On the contrary, examples of stem tubers that are partly tubers in the ground and some are located above the ground are taro plants. Tubers in this plant are intertwined at the stem of the base, initially the tubers are only located at the bottom of the soil, but continue to be long the tubers continue to increase to the top, this subject is intertwined because the leaves that have dried up fall and on the upihnya swell into tubers. Another example is not only taro is a sente plant.

2). Tuber base. The tubers are tubers created because of the growth of the base that swells because of the accumulation of nutrients in a certain time to reserve food on the plant. These tubers are entirely located at the base of the soil. The root tubers in one plant are one piece, and in one plant there are more than one. Examples of plants that have one base tuber in one plant is a carrot plant. On the contrary, examples of plants in one plant there are more than one tuber is cassava plants or often spoken with plant cassava.

3). Layered tubers. Plywood tubers are one of the tubers that form in layers. These tubers generally end together with the leaves and the base with the base. Examples of plywood rooted plants are plants of shallots and onions.

Tubers, which are widely developed in dry land, actually share the advantages, are:

1) have a large carbohydrate content like a source of energy,

2) cassava leaves and sweet potatoes rich in vit A and protein sources means,

3) create more energy per hectare compared to rice and wheat,

4) can develop in marginal areas where other plants can not develop,

5) is like a source of income for farmers because it can be sold at any time, as well as

6) can be put in the form of flour and starch. Tubers are a cheap source of carbohydrates, so it has a fairly significant position in food security in a state of growing rice supply deficit. Like alternative food sources of carbohydrate substitutes for rice, tubers can be served on the menu every day, as long as it is enriched with a large source of protein food.

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